Tag Archives: infrastructure

US ARMY Corps of Engineers refers to my Platform for Commerce

banner james carlini - Carlini's CornerBy James Carlini

A pragmatic, visionary perspective —–

In their latest Handbook, “Infrastructure and the Operational Art”, the US ARMY Corps of Engineers refers to my “Platform for Commerce” as a definition of infrastructure and economic growth in the first chapter .

This definition was first developed and submitted in a white paper to the US Department of Homeland Security in 2009.  Later, I presented it at their conference, Workshop on Aging Infrastructure at Columbia University in New York.  It was expanded and refined in my book, LOCATION LOCATION CONNECTIVITY (2014) available now on AMAZON. (386 pages discussing next-generation real estate, intelligent infrastructure, technology (Smartphones, WiFi, DAS, and 5G Networks), and their combined impact on regional economic development.)

Recognizes Carlini's Platform for Commerce

Recognizes Carlini’s Platform for Commerce


A new way to look at the framework of infrastructure and its impact on regional economic development and regional sustainability. Layers of infrastructure have been around for over 5,000 years.  Infrastructure has always been built to expand trade routes and increase economic development by expanding commerce.

Starting with the Egyptians and Phoenicians building docks and ports to facilitate shipping goods to different cities on the Mediterranean to the Roman Empire building roads and bridges to move their Army to conquer distant lands. All of this led to the expansion of trade and new markets.

At the end of the Civil War in the United States (1865), the railroads became a big part of the next “Layer of Infrastructure” to increase trade routes and expand commerce in the United States.

Restricting the development and use of infrastructure can stagnate a whole local economy (As evidenced in St. Louis’ decision to restrict the Railroads after 1865 in favor of the riverboats serving their city only – see chart.)

How a bad infrastructure decision stagnated a city's economy

How a bad infrastructure decision stagnated a city’s economy

The phone was invented in 1876 and electricity came shortly after adding more to the fabric of the infrastructure facilitating more trade and trade expansion.  The airplane invented in 1903 became more commercialized after World War I and created a new layer of infrastructure by establishing new trade routes by air.

Today, trade routes have become electronic with Broadband Connectivity (the Internet) and new approaches to the expansion of global commerce and expanding regional economic development have been initiated.

In 150 to 200 years, we will have Interplanetary Commerce with goods being shipped via “Space Trains”. Imagine ore and other strategic, raw materials being shipped in a large space vehicle or connected “space freight” vehicles from Mars to Earth.  Some materials needed for various nuclear reactors and other applications are more in abundance on Mars.  Again, infrastructure develops new trade routes and new trading partners.

This was the concept and framework behind the Platform for Commerce.

Before we can move forward in developing new technologies and new business applications, we need to get everyone on the same page in defining the framework for infrastructure and realizing a standard “Platform for Commerce”.

CARLINI-ISM : “Leading-edge countries will not maintain their position with trailing-edge infrastructure.”



Follow daily Carlini-isms at http://www.TWITTER.com/JAMESCARLINI
Copyright 2015 – James Carlini



banner james carlini - Carlini's CornerBy James Carlini

A pragmatic, visionary perspective —–

This article is an excerpt from James Carlini’s upcoming presentation at the Windy City Summit in Chicago next week:

.Digital wallet applications are opening up a whole new retail experience for shoppers as well as the retailers themselves. Plus, the approach is more secure than traditional credit cards.

Credit cards are becoming obsolete as new approaches using Smartphones and their NFC (Near Field Communications) chip technology become part of the mainstream customer transaction experience. With Smartphones, other demographic information can also be collected real-time and used in a cross-marketing effort to capture the lost customer in multi-venue environments (i.e. attendees at a convention center are sent eCoupons or eDiscounts from other surrounding venues like restaurants or bars to have them patronize them after hours rather than going to a venue outside the immediate convention center area).

With the explosive change of edge technology going from desktops and laptops to Smartphones and tablets, new approaches to in-store customer transactions must be designed and implemented in all next-generation real estate.

Next-generation real estate includes: Intelligent Buildings, Intelligent Business Campuses (IBCs), Intelligent Industrial Parks (IIPs), and multi-venue Intelligent Retail/ Entertainment/ Convention centers (IRECs).

New digital wallet (or mobile wallet) capabilities including Apple Pay, MCX (Merchant Customer Exchange) and other mobile applications are being built up right now to support transactions initiated by the retail customer for purchases in all retail establishments.

The old phone company’s “Let your fingers do the walking” ad which focused on using the Yellow Pages has been replaced with, “Let your fingers do the buying” on your Smartphone.

Some people are looking at credit cards becoming a thing of the past as they see the power of their Smartphone taking on the capabilities to do all retail transactions without opening up their wallets or purses.

Most large retailers see the shift as well and are already supporting the MCX platform which will facilitate Smartphone retail transactions.

Banana Republic, Bed Bath & Beyond, Best Buy, Conoco, CVS, Dillard’s, Exxon-Mobil, GAP, Hobby Lobby, K-Mart, Kohl’s, Lowe’s, Rite-Aid, Sears, Shell, 76, Sunoco, Target, Wal-Mart, Wendy’s, and 7-Eleven, are just some of the retail partners already involved in this endeavor which provides a free, downloadable app that includes the facilitation for merchant loyalty points for rewards.

The concept of creating a Virtual Resort (using WiFi and DAS Networks) will be discussed as well as a pragmatic, cloud-computing framework to develop a new strategic approach to cross-marketing near-by venues and the gathering of real-time customer demographics in a Smartphone-dominated retail customer environment.

To design one venue, like a stadium or convention center, requires a certain level of expertise to plan and implement a working solution. When you add several different venues (entertainment, restaurants, and retail) together into one complex, the need to understand the interrelationships which are going on and the potentials for cross-selling and cross-marketing as well as the overall changes in network traffic patterns and usage peaks is critical.

What are the benefits to the building owners of building an electronic “Virtual Resort”? This intelligent amenity provides a competitive advantage for the complex in enticing prospective tenants by offering added capabilities to insure their business’s success as well as providing a more enhanced experience to anyone visiting any part of their multi-venue complex. Instead of space being a commodity, these added intelligent amenities makes the location more valuable to both the owner and the tenant because the business tenant now has more electronic marketing (eCOUPONS, ePASSES, eDISCOUNTS) pushing people into his establishment than in a traditional real estate space. For the building owner, having this capability is a distinct competitive advantage which will attract a higher-caliber tenant and create higher occupancy rates.

This is economic development for the 21st century.

By attracting the potential customer to more venues, the revenues generated will be greater not only for the retailers but also for the municipality which will gain sales taxes that would have otherwise gone to some community “down the road.”

It’s a win-win-win situation for local economic development where customers get discounts and special promotions, retailers get more business, building owners have more successful tenants, and the community gets more in sales tax revenues.

There are definite security differences between NFC chips (facilitating the digital wallet application) in Smartphones versus the RFID chips found in many major bank credit cards. (See Chart 1)


NFC vs. RFID CHIP – From LOCATION LOCATION CONNECTIVITY – James Carlini All Rights Reserved.

As Smartphones and Tablets become more ubiquitous, demand for speed (for new apps) will increase and not go down. Some new installation endeavors (like stadiums and ball parks) have already shown they are under-engineered, so current engineering “rules-of-thumb” do not reflect actual demand.

We need to focus on strengthening the resiliency of networks as well as increasing their speeds.

As we move to 5G Networks in the year 2020, they will be providing some very high speeds to the average user (See CHART 2). Having more bandwidth available will accelerate the amount of applications that are feasible for customer service, video, high-definition video, social networking, and so many other Smartphone applications.



CARLINI-ISM : “Those cities which keep horse-and-buggy taxes and penalties as one of their major revenue streams, will become economic ghost towns.”



Follow daily Carlini-isms at http://www.TWITTER.com/JAMESCARLINI
Copyright 2015 – James Carlini


banner james carlini - Carlini's CornerBy James Carlini

A pragmatic, visionary perspective —–

We cannot restrict competition and protect the obsolete cash cows of a few, and jeopardize the economic viability of a nation.

The FCC passing their policy on Net Neutrality doesn’t do what many people think it does. It does NOT promote free speech or protect freedom, if anything, it adds a good amount of government restrictions under the guise of “regulation”.

Carriers like AT&T and Verizon have the best lobbying groups out of any company or special interest group knocking on doors in Washington DC to “protect their interests.” Do you REALLY think the FCC would promote and pass something not in AT&T’s best interest?

What about government-imposed restrictions on what THEY feel is good or bad? Some would say, “No way,” with this administration. How many would say, “No way,” under the previous Bush administration? All of a sudden, it doesn’t seem so cut-and-dried, does it?

FREEDOM OF SPEECH OR THE RESTRICTION OF IT? Two articles, one pro policy and the other against it, paint very different pictures of what “Net Neutrality” really does to the Internet. On one hand, you have the ACLU describing what “could happen” if these regulations are not adopted (https://www.aclu.org/net-neutrality#abuses1 ).

On the other hand, you have the WND discussing how the way it was crafted and who has influence on it, the huge negatives of putting in place regulations and restrictions that can be misused and misapplied (http://www.wnd.com/2015/03/net-neutrality-obamas-gateway-to-censorship/ )

People are so polarized today, if you ask them which article is more accurate, you would get some siding with the ACLU and some siding with WND. Neither article, discusses the infrastructure and that is where our global Platform for Commerce for economic development and regional sustainability resides on.

If we are going to be writing policies and setting strategic directions, we better look at our global competition and see what they are doing. The development of the internet was OUR economic innovation, not China’s, or Europe’s, or South Korea’s. They are seeing the full potential. Are we?

We need to insure the intelligent infrastructure carrying that layer of infrastructure, which is key for global electronic commerce, is not only protected, but encouraged to expand both in speed and innovative capabilities. That type of economic accelerator is key for regional sustainability and regional viability.

Restrictions and regulatory channeling of companies and municipalities do not promote building out higher speed infrastructure or innovating new ideas. Regulations have a tendency to protect special interests and provide a nice formal mechanism to deny innovation, economic development, competitive expansion, and if used incorrectly or maliciously, freedom of speech.

This can easily be proven by looking at layers of infrastructure of the past. Back after the Civil War, St. Louis was a more prominent and larger city than Chicago. (See chart below from Location Location Connectivity)

St. Louis was “lobbied” by the riverboat captains to restrict the new layer of infrastructure (the Railroads) from coming into town because they were afraid that they would lose some market share to the railroads and they wanted to protect their cash cows.

How a bad decision stagnated a city's economy

How a bad decision stagnated a city’s economy

The politicians succumbed to the lobbying efforts of the incumbent riverboat captains and wrote restrictive legislation banning the railroads from crossing the Mississippi and coming into St. Louis. They were told, “It would be good for St. Louis.”

By their action, the St. Louis politicians stagnated the growth of St. Louis for decades to come. The railroads, looking for a different location for their regional hub, went up to Chicago and developed it there instead.

Within 25 years (by 1890) Chicago had surpassed the size of St. Louis, more than doubling its size, and became the Midwest powerhouse of economic growth and strength due to the added layer of infrastructure used to accelerate regional economic development and viability.

Putting restrictions on layers of infrastructure can restrain growth and stagnate the local economy. St. Louis never recovered its prominence.

Proclaiming the addition of restrictions will actually help economic growth rings hollow when you look at examples like this where it has been tried.

THE NEED FOR SPEED What the government should be encouraging and promoting is the build-out of the network infrastructure so that it can sustain the growth and demands for ultra-high speeds of the near future.

The FCC’s definition of “Broadband” (30 Megabits per second) is so out-of-touch, it’s not even laughable – it’s sad. I have been promoting “Broadband” as anything at 1 Gigabit per second and above for more than several years. We have already built-out next-generation real estate which has 40 Gbps coming in from various network carriers and is being updated to 100Gbps (with 400Gbps coming soon as an upgrade)

It HAS to be at least 1 Gbps to the end-user if we are to implement 5G Networks by the 2020 to support the growth of wireless devices going from 10,000,000,000 today to 50,000,000,000 to 75,000,000,000 (or more) by the year 2020. We need to start upgrading a LOT to fiber optics and the cost is big because it is a huge investment to add real speed to our infrastructure.

We should be looking at multi-gigabit speeds for individuals (1-3Gbps) and corporate end-users (100-400Gbps). Terabit speeds should already be in the planning stages for backbone networks for 2020. Capacities need to be greatly increased over current network capabilities.

SO GET RID OF THE ORSON WELLES MENTALITY  Some of the incumbent phone companies have a strategic attitude like the old Gallo Wine commercials where Orson Welles would say, “We won’t sell any wine until WE think it’s time.”

The phone companies don’t upgrade their network facilities and offer ultra-high speeds until THEY feel it’s time. That is a threat to our national economic security.

We cannot wait for them to decide whether or not they should increase network speeds (which in many cases means upgrading copper to fiber optics) in different regions. If they cannot do it or don’t want to do it, they should NOT be trying to get competitors restricted out of the territories they do not want to invest in. The carriers waste tens of millions of dollars trying to keep out competitors instead of applying that money to strategic network upgrades. Should we be encouraging this or encouraging competition to add speed and capabilities to bolster economic viability?


These are the discussions which need to take place. Regional economic viability in a world market is still dependent on the Platform for Commerce – the infrastructure. And the latest layer of that infrastructure is broadband connectivity. Let’s not restrict it, let’s insure that it is the best it can possibly be.

CARLINI-ISM: You cannot restrict network infrastructure when it is so key to local economic viability and regional sustainability in a global marketplace.



Follow daily Carlini-isms at http://www.TWITTER.com/JAMESCARLINI
Copyright 2015 – James Carlini


banner james carlini - Carlini's CornerBy James Carlini

What amenity can a building owner or property management firm add to a building to eliminate 90% of their competition in today’s commercial real estate market? The answer: Broadband Connectivity.

This is not hype. This is not conceptual or theoretical. It is fact.

In performing research for a planning project I worked on while consulting to the DuPage Business Center, an 800-acre high-tech business park in Illinois, I found that searching for Class A space (20,000 square feet) in the surrounding area came up with a total of 60 available properties.

With that many properties offering space, it would be an easy time to get them to compete on price until the price per square foot was driven down to a very low amount. With owners hungry for a tenant, we could probably negotiate a year free on a five-year lease.

As soon as I added Broadband Connectivity (multiple gigabit speeds) to the upfront requirements for the tenant space, the amount of buildings available with that amenity dropped to five. That is over a 90% reduction in the amount of buildings available that could handle that type of request.

In that scenario, the building owner would not have to sacrifice dropping the price per square foot and could focus on more unique strengths of the property. End result: The property owner keeps up the profitability of the building and attracts the premium tenants.

Hear that huge shattering sound of glass, steel and marble crashing down to the ground? That is the shattering of decades’ worth of commercial real estate concepts that don’t work anymore.

The sad part is many in the Commercial Real Estate (CRE) market need to tune into this deafening thunder. The status quo has been shattered and shattered again by the implementation of WiFi. DAS and Smartphone networks into many venues. Commercial real estate needs to offer what was before a hoped for, that has become a “must-have”.

As I said in an earlier article: (http://onpurposemagazine.com/2013/02/20/defining-21st-century-real-estate-2/ )
Selling products and services into this 21st century integrated real estate environment requires an expertise in understanding multi-disciplinary skills and next-generation solutions. It is a multi-level sell when trying to promote new intelligent amenities for next-generation buildings, multi-venue entertainment centers, and intelligent business campuses.

Part of my book, Location Location Connectivity, deals with changing out Master Planning concepts. Areas of concern like power and network infrastructure services have become something to be added to the upfront planning of the property and not as some after-thought once the tenant signs the contract.

The reality is the tenant is NOT going to sign any contract unless these amenities are already present and available. When it comes to Master Planning, both power and network services have to be implemented upfront before any tenant will buy into the property.

If you are into property management or ownership of Class A Buildings, do you want to eliminate the vast majority of your competition in today’s commercial real estate market? Start taking a look at implementing intelligent amenities before potential tenants require them and you have to do things in a crisis mode.

CARLINI-ISM: “When it comes to commercial real estate, those stuck with 20th century solutions will not be able to attract and maintain 21st century tenants.”

Carlini’s visionary book, Location Location Connectivity is available at Barnes & Noble. (The ISBN # 9780-9906460-44)

Copyright 2014 - James Carlini - All rights reserved

Copyright 2014 – James Carlini – All rights reserved


banner james carlini - Carlini's CornerBy James Carlini

And Broadband Connectivity equals jobs. That was a key point that I have been making in the last couple of years in keynote speeches addressing thousands in audiences across the country at various conferences.

At the AGL (Above Ground Level Magazine) Conference yesterday, I presented this key concept as well as Continue reading


banner james carlini - Carlini's CornerBy James Carlini

There is a lot of promise from the growing industry of 3D printers and manufacturing products through their use as well as new 3D scanners. This technology is providing a second industrial revolution in the United States as well as globally.

Continue reading


banner james carlini - Carlini's CornerBy James Carlini

Wake up America

Especially the politicians in California, Illinois, and anywhere else where they are considering implementing a high-speed train. High-speed trains are so “last century” and they are not cheap to build or maintain. If they are not used to their maximum capacities and there is only marginal ridership, they are a supreme waste of money and their residual value is just another money-wasting monument built to honor and perpetuate bureaucracy. Continue reading


banner james carlini - Carlini's CornerBy James Carlini

Do you hear that? It’s a crumbling sound reverberating across the country.

It’s the great wall of over-bloated government pensions starting to crumble in Detroit. The unions think they will stop the crumbling? I don’t think so. Continue reading


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By James Carlini

Copper cabling is still used in both electrical and telecommunications applications.  Both the power company as well as the telephone companies, still use a lot of it for distributing power as well as distributing communication signals for voice, data, and video.  Because of its value, many are thinking it is an Continue reading


banner james carlini - Carlini's CornerBy James Carlini

EXCERPT from James Carlini’s upcoming book, Location, Location, Connectivity :

How receptive is your building to all the new connectivity technology exploding onto the market? Have your Smartphone with you? Does it work well in your building? What about your applications running on your enterprise network? Are you getting the speeds you need to compete in the 21st century? Or, are you stuck with 20th century connectivity because no one knows how to upgrade the building’s network infrastructure? Continue reading


banner james carlini - Carlini's CornerBy James Carlini

The city of Detroit is faced with a 50/50 chance of bankruptcy and this should not be taken lightly. Many can criticize what led up to this financial catastrophe, but the more important issue is what can everyone learn from it? Continue reading


banner james carlini - Carlini's CornerBy James Carlini

Any civilization in the last 5,000 years can only be understood and measured by what we can read and discover about them.  If they did not keep track of their accomplishments and cultures, chances are, we would know very little about them and their achievements.

  •  If you do not know where you came from, do you really have a good idea of where you are headed?
  • How do you build upon the accomplishments of the past or avoid the mistakes of the past if you are unaware of them?

These seem to be good questions to ask people who do not have a good grasp of how this country started and developed throughout the last 200 years.  As was pointed out by one museum curator, those in the last generation (the Great generation of World War II) seemed to have more Continue reading


banner james carlini - Carlini's CornerBy James Carlini

The latest attempts at putting Illinois back on the right road to fiscal solvency and promote a more enticing image to attract businesses should be accompanied by the song by the Talking Heads’ “We’re On a Road to Nowhere”

We’re on a road to nowhere….. After a 66% tax increase in state income tax, we are still billions of dollars behind in Continue reading


banner james carlini - Carlini's CornerBy James Carlini

graphic the cloud network shFrom an upcoming white paper: 

Many organizations that are looking at implementing a new network infrastructure for Cloud Computing, a new building being built, or any other network capability, better look closer at their network designs.

Why?  Continue reading